SUSHAN'S KARATE-DO ACADEMY

SEIKO KAI KARATE INTERNATIONAL-INDIA

(DIST.KALIMPONG & DIST.DAREJEELING BRANCH)

Officially Approved By: Karate Association of India (KAI) & Karate-Do Association of Bengal(KAB)

KAB Affiliated to: Karate Association of India & Bengal Olympic Association

Member: World Karate Federation, Asian Karate-Do Federation, South Asian Karate-Do Federation, Darjeeling Gorkha Karate-Do Association & Kalimpong District Karate-Do Association

KAI Recognized By: Indian Olympic Association & Govt. of India (Ministry of Youth Affairs & Sports)

History of Karate

Legend says that about 1,400 years ago a monk named daruma came to China from India and taught Buddhism. He also taught his disciples a weaponless combat technique for physical fitness and self-defense.
Typical characteristics of Chinese fighting styles are body shifting, circular or elliptical hand movement blocking, and low kicking. From these points one can sense the Chinese principle of harmony: "Do not fight directly with power against power;" rather, use "softness against hardness." These circular movements and low kicks tend to be practical and economical in terms of fighting.
The Chinese also utilized and adopted these arts for physical fitness. One of these styles, Tai-Chi-Chuan, attracts people who love harmony and tranquility. In Tai-Chi-Chuan, the same technique is practiced over and over again until it becomes second nature. Many Chinese styles emphasize "chi or ki (in Japanese) development for internal and external power.
 
ABOUT KARATE:
The word karate comes from the two words "kara" (empty) and "te" (hand). Thus, karate is known as "empty-hand" and is considered the most efficient and effective way of unarmed combat. Karate itself teaches students to move quickly, block effectively, create strong stances and make powerful strikes using hands and feet. Karate was founded by Gichin Funakoshi (1868). Master Gichin Funakoshi, known all over the world as the Father of modern-day Karate-Do, brought this art from Okinawa to Japan. Sponsored by the Japan Ministry of Education, he gave exhibitions in 1917 and 1922 at physical education expositions all over Tokyo. The major universities invited him to set up Karate-Do teams and hundreds of people studied the art under his guidance, then Karate-Do has flourished to become the world's most popular martial art. Karate develops by training a person physically, mentally and spiritually. Mental and spiritual attitude toward karate, our opponent and also to our self is crucial. Karate was the elevation of the sprit and the practice of humanity. Now Karate has become a Sports activity in the world as Karate has been included in European Games, World Games, Asian Games, and SAARC Games, even in India Karate is included in National Games & State Games as a sports event, and Karate is also recognized by International Olympic Committee.
 
ABOUT KATA:
Kata is pre-arranging series of movement practicing Kata is only way to make the practitioner perfect. In other word the kata means composition of steeps, stance, Blocking, Kicking, Jumping, flexibility, power, speed, accuracy and breathing techniques. Therefore, without the knowledge Kata Karate is imperfect. Though one who neglect the kata he/she neglecting the Karate. So, kata is heart of karate. Without the Kata, Karate cannot survive. And every kata has its specific “Bunkai”. Bunkai means application of kata, without the Bunkai, the Kata is like form of Dancing. Bunkai is the technical form one who understands he/she may develop their technique of Kata. So, “Kata” in one word is the pure form of Karate.
 
Today World Karate Federation which is recognized by International Olympic Committee the only body to conduct Karate Do Sports.
The World Karate Federation recognizes these styles of karate in its Kata list. 
SHOTOKAN
GOJU RYU
SHITO RYU
WADO RYU
 
Shotokan was founded by Gichin Funakoshi (1868-1957) in Tokyo in 1938. Funakoshi is considered to be the founder of modern karate. Born in Okinawa, he began to study karate with Yasutsune Azato, one of Okinawa's greatest experts in the art. In 1921 Funakoshi first introduced Karate to Tokyo. In 1936, at nearly 70 years of age, he opened his own training hall. The dojo was called Shotokan after the pen name used by Funakoshi to sign poems written in his youth. Shotokan Karate is characterized by powerful linear techniques and deep strong stances.
 
Goju-Ryu developed out of Naha-te, its popularity primarily due to the success of Kanryo Higaonna (1853-1915). Higaonna opened a dojo in Naha using eight forms brought from China. His best student, Chojun Miyagi (1888-1953) later founded Goju-ryu, 'hard soft way' in 1930. In Goju-ryu much emphasis is placed on combining soft circular blocking techniques with quick strong counter attacks delivered in rapid succession.
 
Shito-Ryu was founded by Kenwa Mabuni (1889-1952) in 1928 and was influenced directly by both Naha-te and Shuri-te. The name Shito is constructively derived from the combination of the Japanese characters of Mabuni's teachers' names - Ankoh Itosu and Kanryo Higaonna. Shito-ryu schools use a large number of kata, about fifty, and is characterized by an emphasis on power in the execution of techniques.
 
Wado-Ryu, 'way of harmony', founded in 1939 is a system of karate developed from jujitsu and karate by Hienori Otsuka as taught by one of his instructors, Gichin Funakoshi. This style of karate combines basic movements of jujitsu with techniques of evasion, putting a strong emphasis on softness and the way of harmony or spiritual discipline.
 
Kenwa Mabuni - Founder of Shito-Ryu
 Any history of Shitoryu Karate, however, must begin and end with its founder, Kenwa Mabuni.  Born in Shuri on Okinawa in 1893, Mabuni Sensei was a descendant of the famous Onigusukini Samurai family. Perhaps because of his weak constitution, he began his instruction in his home town in the art of Shuri-Te at the age of 13, under the tutelage of the legendary AnkohYasutsune Itosu (1813-1915). He trained diligently for several years, learning many kata from this great Master.  It was Itosu who first developed the Pinan kata, which were most probably derived from the 'Kusanku' form.  
 
One of his close friends, Sensei Chogun Miyagi (founder of Goju-ryu) introduced Mabuni to another great of that period, Sensei Kanryo Higashionna, and began to learn Naha-Te under him as well.  While both Itosu and Higashionna taught a 'hard-soft' style of Okinawan 'Te', their methods and emphases were quite distinct:  the Itosu syllabus included straight and powerful techniques as exemplified in the Naifanchi and Bassai kata; the Higashionna syllabus on the other hand, stressed circular motion and shorter fighting methods as seen in the popular Seipai and Kururunfa forms.  These were the two main influences on the development of Mabuni Sensei and what he would later call Shito-ryu. In fact, he derived the name for his new style from the first Kanji character in their names, Itosu and Higashionna. 
 
Although he remained true to the teachings of these two great masters, Mabuni sought instruction from a number of masters, including Seisho Aragaki, Tawada Shimboku, Sueyoshi Jino and Wu Xianhui (a Chinese master known as Go-Kenki).  In fact, Mabuni was legendary for his encyclopaedic knowledge of kata and their bunkai applications. By the 1920s, he was regarded as the foremost authority on Okinawan kata and their history and was much sought after as a teacher by his contemporaries. There is even some evidence that his expertise was sought out in China, as well as Okinawa and mainland Japan.  As a police officer, he taught local law enforcement officers and at the behest of his teacher Itosu, began instruction in the various grammar schools in Shuri and Naha.
 
In an effort to popularize Karate in mainland Japan, Mabuni made several trips to Tokyo in 1917 and 1928.  Although much that was known as 'Te' (Chinese Fist) or Karate had been passed down through many generations with jealous secrecy, it was his view that it should be taught to anyone who sought knowledge with honesty and integrity. In fact, many masters of his generation held similar views on the future of Karate:  Sensei Gichin Funakoshi (founder of Shotokan), another contemporary, had moved to Tokyo in the 1920s to promote their art on the mainland as well.
 
By 1929, Mabuni had moved to Osaka on the mainland, to become a full-time Karate instructor. With the support of Sensei Ryusho Sakagami (1915-1993), he opened a number of dojo in the Osaka area, including Kansai University and the Japan Karatedo Kai dojo. To this day, the largest contingent of Shito-ryu practitioners in Japan is centred in the Osaka area.
 
 In an effort to gain acceptance in the Japanese Butokukai, the governing body for all officially recognized martial arts, he and his contemporaries decided to call their art 'Karate' or 'Empty Hand', rather than 'Chinese Hand'.  He published a number of books on the subject and continued to systematize the instruction method.  In his latter years, he developed a number of formal kata, such as Aoyagi, for example, which was designed specifically for women's self defence. Perhaps more than any other Master in the last century, Mabuni was steeped in the traditions and history of Karate-do, yet forward thinking enough to realize that it could spread throughout the world.